Buckeye Chicken – Everything You Need To Know

The Buckeye chicken is a type of chicken that originated from a state in the U.S. called Ohio. They were created in the late nineteenth century, and Buckeyes are the primary American Poultry Association (APA) standard type of chicken known to have been made by a woman. It is also the only of its kind because it is the only one in the whole of the American Class to have a pea brush. In 2014, The Livestock Conservancy recorded Buckeyes as “threatened”. The name was gotten from Ohio’s nickname which is “Buckeye state” also their mahogany shading is said preferably to take after the Ohio Buckeye plant seeds (Aesculus Glabra). They have a reasonable laying capacity and solid meat creation attributes as well.

buckeye chicken

Credit: The Livestock Conservancy

Buckeye Chicken Profile

Breed Purpose Dual-purpose meat/eggs
Egg Color Brown
Egg Size Medium
Egg Productivity (per year) 200
Origin U.S
Comb Type Pea
Breed Size Medium
Breed Color Black


The breed was produced by a woman called Mrs Nettie Metcalf which made history as being the first chicken breed to have been created by a woman. It was in the year 1896 when Mrs Nettie Metcalf reproduced and created Buckeye chicken for the first time in Ohio, United States. She crossbred the Buff Cochins, Barred Plymouth Rocks and dark-breasted red games for delivering this unique breed. Her principal objective was to build up a working breed that could produce well in the severe Midwest winters. She was prominently fruitful in her objective because, in 1904, Buckeye chicken was added to the coveted American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection list. There is a small assortment of this chicken breed accessible.


Buckeye chicken is very similar to the well known Rhode Island Red chicken breed. It is the reason some people mistake this breed for the Rhode Island Red. However structurally the Buckeyes are very different from the Rhode Island Red. They have stronger thighs and are more inclined and have long backs. Buckeyes had a comparable appearance to the Cornish chicken in the mid-1900s. They are huge and tough with expansive bosoms and bodies. Their thighs are meaty, and their wings are strong. They have close and tight plumage, and their essential shading is a mahogany red but with dark tails. They all have pea combs with little to medium wattles, and hens have dark tips.

Their little pea combs and generally expansive bodies make them a winter tough breed. Most of its features are red. Their legs are featherless and yellow the skin shading is also yellow. Buckeye chickens are very different from other breeds both in the physical appearance and even in personalities. They are exceptionally active and phenomenal foragers. This makes them perfect for unfenced frameworks. They likewise do thrive in restricted areas but only if they have enough space to move around. They will be significantly more joyful and deliver better results if permitted to go on grass. Buckeye chicken is calm and unflappable. They are easy to control and also very friendly to humans.

The Hens deliver eggs all through the winter season which is convenient. The Buckeye hens make great as pets but the roosters can be forceful at times, and they are also territorial especially during the rearing season. The Buckeye chickens are however slow to develop as compared to different breeds. They are resigned, and they are also apparently great at hunting mouse so they can be great for your patio or field.

Egg Laying and Broodiness

Buckeye chicken breeds are raised more regularly for meat than for egg creation. However the hens do, lay a reasonable amount of big, dark coloured eggs – around 180-260 every year. At that point, hens may likewise be broody.

Buckeye hens are excellent layers, and they usually lay a significant number of darker eggs. Also, a standard Buckeye chicken weighs around 4.1 kg, and the hens weigh approximately 2.9 kilograms on average.

Hens tend to hold their “mothering” capacity and will go broody hence raising their young ones which is something many breeds never promptly do. This is a characteristic which is of value to those needing to look after little, self-propagating herds.

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